Review the anatomy of the retina and the mechanisms of diabetes and its medical consequences.
Proliferative diabetic retinopathy and macular diabetic retinopathy are reviewed with different imaging techniques.
Review of the epidemiology of Diabetes, with emphasis on Canada in comparison with other developed countries.
Clinical practice guidelines comparing Canada to Europe are reviewed.
Review the role that Tele-medicine may play: Challenges and opportunities.
A Canadian perspective on the background is provided as well as an examination of the technological and systems challenges and opportunities for tele-medicine in diabetic retinopathy.
Understand the prevalence and risk factors of diabetes in a James Bay northern community.
Results of a community study of Moose Factory are presented including the incidence of diabetic retinopathy, as well as the risk factors at play.
Review of studies of digital photographic screening in the James Bay Cree Community.
Methods, results and conclusions of a 200 person study are provided. A follow study in James Bay validated the cost-effectiveness of a 5 year study using retinal specialists and a photographic screening method.