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JPE 27.2: A Qualitative study of Social, cultural, and Historical Influences on African American Women’s Infant-Feeding Practices

JPE 27.2: A Qualitative study of Social, cultural, and Historical Influences on African American Women’s Infant-Feeding Practices

JPE 27.2: A Qualitative study of Social, cultural, and Historical Influences on African American Women’s Infant-Feeding Practices

Stephanie DeVane-Johnson, PhD, CNM, Cheryl Woods Giscombe, PhD, PMHNP-BC, Ronald Williams II, PhD, C
Stephanie DeVane-Johnson, PhD, CNM, Cheryl Woods Giscombe, PhD, PMHNP-BC, Ronald Williams II, PhD, C
on behalf of Lamaze International

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Review:

Launch date: 03 May 2018

Expiry Date: 01 May 2020

Last updated: 05 Jul 2018

Reference: 188551

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Latest User Comments

Mrs Susan Gaskill BSN,RNC,LCCE,FACCE (18 Jun 2018)
This course helped me understand better why some African American women choose not to breastfeed.

I would like to...

Course Availability

This course is only available to trainees days after purchase. It would need to be repurchased by the trainee if not completed in the allotted time period. This course is no longer available. You will need to repurchase if you wish to take the course again.

Description

The purpose of this study was to describe cultural factors influencing African American mothers’ perceptions about infant feeding. Analysis of six focus group discussions of diverse African American mothers yielded sociohistorical factors that are rarely explored in the breastfeeding literature. These factors are events, experiences, and other phenomena that have been culturally, socially, and generationally passed down and integrated into families, potentially influencing breastfeeding beliefs and behaviors. The results from this study illuminate fascinating aspects of African American history and the complex context that frames some African American women’s choice about breastfeeding versus artificial supplementation feeding. This study also demonstrates the need for developing family centered and culturally relevant strategies to increase the African American breastfeeding rate.

Objectives

Recall the elements of this research design with respect to the use of focus groups, theoretical framework, sampling, and data analysis
I. Research Design
A. Focus groups
B. PEN-3 model
C. Sample and setting - Analysis A
Describe the themes identified in this study that substantiate precious works
II. Themes found in existing literature
A. It takes a village
B. Real world issues
a. Work
b. Pain
C. Personal realities
a. Best for mom
b. Best for baby
c. Formula as “empowerment”
Discuss the themes identified in this study that highlight the socio-historical factors not previously reported.
III. Themes under-explored in existing literature
A. Historical stigma
B. Negative body image
C. Breastfeeding as “nasty”
Explore interventions aimed to increase breastfeeding initiation and duration among African American women.
IV. Implications for practice
A. Increased awareness
B. Diversity in lactation support workers
C. Generational interventions
Stephanie DeVane-Johnson, PhD, CNM, Cheryl Woods Giscombe, PhD, PMHNP-BC, Ronald Williams II, PhD, C

Author Information Play Video Bio

Stephanie DeVane-Johnson, PhD, CNM, Cheryl Woods Giscombe, PhD, PMHNP-BC, Ronald Williams II, PhD, C
on behalf of Lamaze International

STEPHANIE DEVANE-JOHNSON is an assistant professor in the School of Nursing at Duke University. CHERYL WOODS GISCOMBE is an associate professor in the School of Nursing at
the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. RONALD WILLIAMS II is an assistant professor in
the African, African American and Diaspora Studies Department at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. CATHIE FOGEL is a professor Emeritus in the School of Nursing at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. SUZANNE THOYRE, is a professor in the School of Nursing at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Current Accreditations

This course has been certified by or provided by the following Certified Organization/s:

  • American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC)
  • 1.00 Hours
  • California Board of Registered Nursing (CBRN)
  • 1.25 Hours

Faculty and Disclosures

Additional Contributors

Nurse Planner: Renece Waller-Wise, MSN, RNC-OB, CNS, CLC, CNL, LCCE, FACCE

Conflicts Declared

Conflicts of Interest declaration by Author:

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User Reviews (1)

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Mrs Susan Gaskill BSN,RNC,LCCE,FACCE (18 Jun 2018)
This course helped me understand better why some African American women choose not to breastfeed.

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